Decarboxylation is not a totally necessary step in the creation of CBD oil, but for those who want to create CBD oil with psychoactive properties, it is.
In order to release the full potential of marijuana’s psychoactive effects, you must first go through a process called decarboxylation. It is highly recommended you do this before you begin cooking with cannabis.
Raw cannabis contains a lot of THCA, which is not psychoactive (meaning it doesn’t get you high). However when you apply heat, such as a flame or vaporize, cannabis becomes ‘decarboxylated’ by the heat and at this point becomes psychoactive (gets you high).
So, if you ingest cannabis and want the full psychoactive effect, you need to first decarboxylate before cooking with cannabis.
When it comes to decarboxylating, the lower the temperature you use, the longer the decarboxylation process is it’s going to take. However, this is not a bad thing! When using a lower temperature, you to lose fewer terpenes throughout the decarboxylation process.
Have you ever wondered why buds of even the same strain can have different tastes and smells? The answer is hidden in terpenes. Simply put, terpenes are the oils that give cannabis plants and flowers their unique smell such as berry, mint, citrus, and pine. There are many medicinal benefits to terpenes; some will successfully relieve your stress while others will promote focus and awareness.
The process is:
1. Preheat the oven to 240° F. / 115° C.
2. Break up cannabis flowers and buds into smaller pieces with your hands. We use one ounce, but you can elect to do more or less.
3. Put the pieces in one layer on a rimmed baking sheet. Make sure the pan is the correct size so there is not empty space on the pan.
4. Bake the cannabis for 30 to 40 minutes, stirring every 10 minutes so that it toasts evenly.
5. When the cannabis is darker in color, a light to medium brown, and has dried out, remove the baking sheet and allow the cannabis to cool. It should be quite crumbly when handled.
6. In a food processor, pulse the cannabis until it is coarsely ground (you don’t want a superfine powder). Store it in an airtight container and use as needed to make extractions